PROPHET MOHAMMAD’S MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS
(May peace and blessings of Allah be on him)
By His Eminence
SHEIKH ABDUL AZIZ IBN ABDULLAH IBN BAZ
All praise be to Allah alone, and may His peace and blessings be upon His messenger and bondsman our Prophet Mohammed, his family and his companions.
The objective of this concise pamphlet is to explain how prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to perform his prayers. I would like to present this explanation to every male and female Muslim so that they may strive to take up the Prophet’s manner in performing their prayers as a model for them.
It was narrated by Al Bukhari that Prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him) had said: “Perform your prayers in the same manner you had seen me doing.”
Therefore, here is the explanation for the Prophet’s manner of prayer:
(1) To perform completely the ablution, adopting the method commanded by Allah in the Quran: “O ye who believe, when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows, rub your heads(with water) and (wash) your feet to the ankles.”(S:6)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Prayer without ablution is invalid.”
(2) To turn one’s face and whole body towards the Ka’aba, The Holy House at Makkah, intending by heart to perform the prayer which he wants to fulfill, whether it is an obligatory prayer or a supererogatory prayer, the worshipper in all cases, should not pronounce his intention openly, because neither the Prophet nor his companions used to utter the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing the intention for prayer in audible voice is a heresy and an illicit action. Whether the individual be an Imam or performs his prayer individually, he should make (A Sutra) i.e. a curtain for his prayer. Directing the face towards the Qibla (The Ka’aba at Makkah) is an imperative condition for every prayer. However, there are few exceptions for this rule explained in authoritative books for whom who wish to refer.
(3) To pronounce “Takbirat Al Ihram” that is to say “Allahu Akbar” celebrating by that the greatness of Allah and looking meanwhile, downwards to the place where he will prostrate.
Printed & Published by
PRESIDENCY OF ISLAMIC RESEARCHES IFTA AND PROPAGATION
PRINTING AND TRANSLATION AGENCY RIYADH,
KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
Wakf (Endowment) Gratif
1413 H, 1992 AD